Naw Ruz marks the end of the Fast and the beginning of a new year in the Baha’i calendar. Naw-Ruz is a celebration of a “spiritual springtime” that symbolizes both individual renewal and mankind’s revitalization.
Ridvan, also known as the Most Great Festival, celebrates Baha’u’llah’s time in the garden of Ridvan on the outskirts of Baghdad in 1863 where He publicly declared His station as a Manifestation of God. The Ridvan Festival is 12 days long and is also the time of year where Baha’is elect their local and national governing bodies, and every five years, the international governing body for the worldwide Baha’i community.
“A Letter From God… unto God”: A Reflection on the Declaration of Baha’u’llah and His Connection to the Bab
On a hot April day in 1863 on the outskirts of Baghdad, Baha’u’llah entered the Najibiyyih Garden on the banks of the Tigris River. He spent the following twelve days accepting visitors for the last time before His departure to Constantinople. As this place was blessed with His presence, Baha’is now refer to it as the Ridvan (Paradise) Garden and commemorating these special 12 days is known as the Festival of Ridvan.
It was here that Mirza Hussein Ali Noori, then an unofficial leader among the followers of the Bab (known as Babis), publicly declared His station as a divine Manifestation of God. From then on, He would be called Baha’u’llah – the Glory of God – and would wear a different and special headpiece, the “taj”, to indicate His new authoritative and independent station. 1
Such a proclamation marked a turning point in the affairs of the Babi community that had been long awaiting for someone to take the lead, as well as waiting for Him Whom God Shall Make Manifest to appear as per the Bab’s counsels. We know that Baha’u’llah received divine revelation while in the Siyah-Chal (the Black Pit) dungeon in Tehran back in 1852. So one might wonder why did Baha’u’llah wait for ten years to announce His station?
I personally think the answer can be found in the Writings of the Bab. Interestingly enough, even though both Manifestations lived in the same time period and in the same country, the Bab and Baha’u’llah never physically met. They only shared two written communications that are known to us. It is in the second address from the Bab to Him Whom God Shall Make Manifest that we get a clue. This extraordinary letter begins with a sentence that blows my mind away:
This is a letter from God, the Help in Peril, the Self-Subsisting, unto God, the Almighty, the Best-Beloved… 2
In it, we see the mysterious oneness of the Holy Spirit manifesting Itself in the Twin Manifestations (as the Bab and Baha’u’llah are called). The Bab goes on to say that His religion and all His believers are nothing but a gift to Baha’u’llah. Further, the Bab begs Baha’u’llah to allow a full lapse of 19 years to pass before announcing the new religion in order for the followers of Bayan to be rewarded:
Shouldst Thou dismiss the entire company of the followers of the Bayan in the Day of the Latter Resurrection by a mere sign of Thy finger even while still a suckling babe, Thou wouldst indeed be praised in Thy indication. And though no doubt is there about it, do Thou grant a respite of nineteen years as a token of Thy favor so that those who have embraced this Cause may be graciously rewarded by Thee. Thou art verily the Lord of grace abounding. 2
It is therefore my understanding that even though Baha’u’llah received His revelation nine years after the Bab did, He mercifully withheld announcing it for ten years at the Bab’s request on behalf of His believers.
I think Baha’u’llah’s declaration occurred at a critical time when I reflect how He was being further exiled and had to leave the Babi community behind. They needed reinforcement and leadership, and they were given the chance to live up to the moment they were awaiting when the Promised One became known.
With the declaration of His mission, Baha’u’llah clearly positioned Himself as a new independent Prophet and indicated that the old was now replaced with the new, as the Bab had foretold. Baha’u’llah stated that with His declaration the entire world of creation had been purified and renewed, and that all the names and attributes of God had been manifested. He also foretold of the coming of a future Manifestation of God, who would bring renewed spiritual teachings for humanity, in at least 1,000 years time.
On the last night of His stay in the Ridvan Garden, Baha’u’llah revealed the Tablet of Job also known as Surih-i-Sabr or Tablet of Patience. Although it has not yet been officially translated, you can read about its contents in Adib Taherzadeh’s The Revelation of Baha’u’llah (Volume 1). In it Baha’u’llah paid a tribute to the tremendous sacrifices of the Bab and His heroic believers and remembered the acts of the heroes of Nayriz. Baha’u’llah wrote about patience, tests and difficulties, preparing His followers for the trials that were to come, and giving them faith and courage in the face of separation. I think that some of the beautiful ideas shared in this Tablet are also very pertinent today, as the world suffers through the Coronavirus pandemic. Adib Taherzadeh summarizes a concept of the Tablet with these words:
There are many mysteries hidden in God’s creation. One of these is the mystery of suffering. In his life, man experiences many trials and tribulations, but often does not understand their purpose. Although the full significance of suffering cannot be fully appreciated in this world, its effects on the individual can be readily observed.
In the world of nature most objects are affected by external influences. For instance, a piece of iron left on its own is cold and becomes rusty. As a result of friction, however, it produces heat, its surfaces become shiny, and by increasing the force of friction it can become even a luminous body. But only pressure from without will cause these characteristics, which are latent within the iron, to be manifested.
Similarly, within a human being there are qualities and virtues which remain dormant. Often, suffering helps to release the potentialities within man, bringing to the surface noble qualities which had hitherto remained concealed. 3
I hope this idea brings you some comfort during this challenging time and I wish you a happy and joyous Festival of Ridvan!
A final note: there are some beautiful Tablets that were revealed in the Ridvan Garden or about the Declaration of Baha’u’llah and its significance that have been recently translated and compiled in a volume called Days of Remembrance. You can read it in full here on the Baha’i Reference Library.
Footnotes & Citations
Taherzadeh, Adib. The Revelation of Baha’u’llah Vol 1, p. 262[↩]
Irina is a Baha’i who enjoys studying the history of the Baha’i Faith. She is a photographer, an artist, and an aspiring writer. In her free time she enjoys cooking, and spending time with her family. She loves staying in touch with nature by growing fruit trees, flowers and herbs on her small patio. Irina is a book collector, reader and a frequent museum visitor, a world traveller and a cultural explorer. She currently resides in California with her husband and her daughter.
I have always associated the timing of Bahá’u’lláh’s declaration with the prophecy in Mark 13;20 – – “And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect’s sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.”
Martin Konstant (April 4, 2020 at 10:08 AM)
I enjoyed the lrena’s post and learning that Baha’u’llah’s declaration was likely delayed at the request of the Báb.
Bill Hyman (April 4, 2020 at 10:03 PM)
Thank you, Bill! I’m glad it was informative!
Irina (April 4, 2020 at 10:13 PM)
Martin, thank you for your input on this! I shall look into the quote you provided!
Irina (April 4, 2020 at 10:14 PM)
I looked for the Bab’s quotes in the Baha’i Reference Library that were from your article and I could not find it. I’d like to read all of it.
Could you help?
BTW wonderful insights!
Nancy Freda (April 4, 2020 at 11:39 PM)
This link (https://www.bahai.org/library/authoritative-texts/the-bab/selections-writings-bab/2#917776811) should take you to directly to the relevant passages from Selections from the Writings of the Bab on the reference library. Thank you for your question and happy and joyous Ridvan!
Sonjel Vreeland (May 5, 2020 at 11:20 AM)
If I may add a comment to this conversation; the prophecy from Mark 13;20 about those days being shortened is implied by Bahá’u’lláh in Prayers and Meditations p.104.
“. . . . . And when the entire creation was stirred up, and the whole earth was convulsed, and the sweet savours of Thy name, the All-Praised, had almost ceased to breathe over Thy realms, and the winds of Thy mercy had well-nigh been stilled throughout Thy dominions, Thou didst, through the power of Thy might, raise me up among Thy servants, and bid me to show forth Thy sovereignty amidst thy people. . . . . .
Martin Konstant (May 5, 2020 at 2:15 PM)