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The Life of Martha Root

October 1, 2012, in Articles > History & Tributes, by
Martha Louise Root, Aug. 10, 1872 – Sept. 28, 1939. (Photo: Baha’i Media Bank)

If a fairy godmother appeared and guaranteed to fulfill one wish, for what would we wish? Would we wish to remove the wrinkles from around our eyes or dimples from around our thighs, for gender equality, racial unity or world peace?

Perhaps the wish that arches over and informs all other wishes is to achieve, through our thoughts, words and actions, the good-pleasure of God, whatever form that might take for each of us.

As we take the time to remember and reflect on the life of Martha Root, we know we are looking at someone for whom that wish came true. While there were certainly angelic hosts involved, there was no fairy godmother. There was a small middle-aged woman with poor health, restricted financial means and limited worldly power. The magic wand was a heart filled with the love of God and a willingness to sacrifice everything in the path of that love.

Martha Root was 36 years old when she embraced the Faith of Baha’u’llah in 1909. She was taught the Faith by Hand of the Cause, Roy Wilhelm (before his appointment as a Hand of the Cause) and the first American believer Thornton Chase. Three years later, as both an adoring follower and as a journalist, she travelled with ‘Abdu’l-Bahá through several eastern states of America, deepening her understanding of profound spiritual truths and documenting His travels. She was privileged to have two private audiences with the Master during that period.

The official unveiling of the Tablets of the Divine Plan occurred four years after Martha Root began her epic world-circling journeys for the propagation of the Bahá’í Faith. Indeed, before their unveiling at the Annual Convention of the Bahá’í s in April 1919, Martha Root was, in a personal communication from ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, encouraged to “forget rest and composure” and to “cover long distances”. He advised her that it was “advisable for [her] to travel” and promised “extraordinary confirmations”.[1] It was in 1915 she set out on a journey that would take her to Europe, Africa, and the Orient. The unveiling of the Tablets however increased her sense of urgency.

From 1919 to 1939 when she passed away in Hawaii, Martha Root travelled for, served, and taught the Faith incessantly. Her contemporary, Marzieh Gail, wrote of the directness of Martha’s approach to sharing the Divine Teachings:

Martha’s method is straight-from-the-shoulder… She hasn’t been with a person three minutes before she’s given him a book or a picture. …She’ll say to him or her: ‘How do you do? Here is a picture of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá. I love you.’[2]

The confirmations received, as promised by the Master, were indeed extraordinary. Martha won from the pen of the beloved Guardian such accolades as

…exemplary advocate of the Bahá’í  Faith …peerless herald of the Cause; …archetype of Bahai itinerant teachers… Leading Ambassadress of Baha’u’llah’s Faith …foremost Hand raised by Baha’u’llah since ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s passing …nearest approach to the example set by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Himself to His disciples in the course of His journeys throughout the West.[3]

She was also the channel through which the first monarch would embrace the Faith. Wherever Martha travelled she distributed masses of literature about the Faith. If information was not available in the language of a locality she would organize translations. Martha distributed, en masse, copies of Esslemont’s Baha’u’llah and the New Era, pamphlets, prayers, and her own articles, to thousands, often lugging multiple trunks full of literature from place to place as she travelled by boat, train, on foot and even on mule. And so, when she arrived in Bucharest, Romania in 1923 she sent a copy of Baha’u’llah and the New Era to the queen. It was a timely gift and within two days the queen had read the book in its entirety and granted an audience to the audacious gift giver.

Within a short space of time Martha could delight the heart of the Guardian with the news of Queen Marie of Romania’s declaration of faith, which was later publicly declared in international newspapers of the time. Ninety years later the great granddaughter of Queen Marie, Princess Helen, lent her public support to the Teachings of Baha’u’llah, stating in 2011:

For me, the message of this great faith is as important today as it has always been.[4]

Martha was also a keen Esperantist. The goals of the Esperantists were in accord with the Bahá’í principle of an international auxiliary language to promote understanding and unity among diverse people. Martha spent many months living with Lidia Zamenhof – daughter of the founder of Esperanto – who ultimately became a Bahá’í and translated much literature, including Esslemont’s book, into Esperanto.

Martha Root’s relationship with ‘Abdu’l-Baha was deep and personal. After His passing Martha transferred her loyalty and devotion to the Guardian appointed by ‘Abdu’l-Baha – Shoghi Effendi. In the midst of her world travels, in 1925, Martha had the opportunity to visit the Guardian in the Holy Land. She travelled with two other dedicated handmaidens of Baha’u’llah -Effie Baker and Corinne True. Martha was given the inestimable privilege of praying together with Shoghi Effendi in the Holy Shrines for the advancement of the teaching work.

The relationship between Martha Root and Shoghi Effendi has been likened to a love affair. On many occasions the Guardian would write such words to Martha as “Your letters… have given me strength, joy and encouragement at a time when I felt depressed, tired and disheartened. [Your correspondence] refreshes my weary soul and revives in me the spirit of hope and confidence…”[5] In turn, Martha’s love for and from the Guardian would drive her on to greater and greater sacrifices and victories for the Cause.

From the time of ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Martha Root was burdened by ill health including cancerous tumors. At the age of 67, after years of suffering, the tireless traveler ended her earthly journey in Hawaii where she was laid to rest under a rainbow shower tree. Her life story will continue to inspire generations yet unborn, striving to win the good-pleasure of God.

Footnotes & Citations
  1. Baron Harper, Lights of Fortitude, p. 116, 1997, George Ronald, Oxford

  2. Marzieh Gail, in Dale Lehman’s article

  3. Baron Harper, Lights of Fortitude, p. 112, 1997, George Ronald, Oxford

  4. Available from http://news.bahai.org/story/854

  5. Available from http://www.thejourneywest.org/2012/03/07/biography-martha-root/

Posted by

Melanie Lotfali

Dr Melanie Lotfali has qualifications in psychology, education, sociology, and writing for children. For the past two decades she has engaged children, youth and adults in the spiritual educational processes of the Baha’i community, and facilitated several other violence-prevention and respectful relationship programs in schools and workplaces. Melanie is a counsellor who specialises in responding to gender based violence such as sexual assault and domestic violence. She is also the author of the 'Fellowship Farm' books for 6-12 year old children which offer an example of a healthy family led by loving but spiritually disciplined parents. Most importantly, she serves as parent to four children.
Melanie Lotfali

Discussion 7 Comments

This is perfect. Thank you for the inspiration of this truly incredible woman!


leila (October 10, 2012 at 9:59 PM)

Thanks for the enjoyable read. There is now what you might call the beginnings of a Martha Root literary industry. Wikipedia has this at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Root There is a review of a 600 page biography at: http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/2315572.Martha_Root Then there is The Crowned Heart Series, an inspiring new series for young readers, at MARTHA ROOT (CROWNED HEART) AUS ….And last but not least is a general context for Martha Root at: http://www.ronpriceepoch.com/Babi.html


RonPrice (October 10, 2012 at 12:11 AM)

Several years ago in the Sydney Baha’i Centre with its 800 seat auditorium where my wife (Chen Mo Chen, aka Velanta) and I resided as volunteer custodians for a few years I attended a lengthy key note speech on Martha Root given by an internationally renowned member of our Faith, one of whose important tasks was to motivate Baha’i youth in an effort to improve participation which in turn would result in an increased number of neophytes, a critical situation stuck more or less at 5 or 6 million believers in total for a generation or more.
Not a few of those young Australian Baha’is don’t even know that Esperanto exists today.

If this opening doesn’t grab your attention as to our crisis (with its dangers and opportunities) , what will?

The speaker dismissed my subsequent letter in the same polite terms as I’d written it in the hope on my part that the next presentation on Martha Root would at least make one reference to her Esperanto activities which according to Martha herself were a crucial part of her Teaching work in the years between the wars. Interestingly, Queen Marie was also an Esperantist :

M R Garis’ “Martha Root Lioness at the Threshold” on page 190 described the annual world congress of Esperanto (a happening thing to this day) as the focal point of her Teaching work in the crucial years leading up to WW2. Imagine that! Our foremost teacher’s focal point for advancing the Cause for almost two decades.- ESPERANTO – begs the question as to why we are in the aforementioned crisis

About six months from now the tri annual Asian Congress of Esperanto will take place in Jerusalem, followed a few months later in the Holy Land by the International Youth Congress of Esperanto



Paul Desailly

Paul Desailly (October 10, 2012 at 1:54 AM)

Yes it is so important for us to continue to strive for a universal language,which should be so much more a part of our world today.It is almost shameful that we as a planet refuse to take the time to learn a universal language.I think they should implement esperanto into the school systems worldwide.


kim (October 10, 2012 at 2:06 AM)

Thank you for the post Melanie,we all love to hear about the inspirational fellow Bahais from the past,it gives me a second wind of empowerment when I am reminded of them!


kim (October 10, 2012 at 2:03 AM)


Nate Bratchett

Nate Bratchett (March 3, 2014 at 8:45 PM)

I will be using this piece for our reflection meeting in Alaska. Thank you for your beautiful article to inspire the hearts

Nava Sarracino

Nava Sarracino (August 8, 2016 at 7:39 AM)

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