Festival of Ridvan

  • Ridvan celebrates Baha’u’llah’s time in 1863 in the garden of Ridvan in Baghdad when He publicly declared His station as a Manifestation of God. The Ridvan Festival is 12 days long and is also the time of year when Baha’is elect their governing bodies.
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Baha’i Naw-Ruz

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Every year Baha’is from all over the world and of all cultural backgrounds celebrate Naw-Ruz, the beginning of a new year in the Baha’i Calendar. Naw-Ruz marks the end of the 19-day Baha’i Fast, which is a period of reflection and profound spiritual reinvigoration. Naw-Ruz is a celebration of a “spiritual springtime” that symbolizes both individual renewal and mankind’s revitalization.

Naw-Ruz: Spiritual Springtime

March 20, 2012, in Articles > Holy Days & Baha'i Calendar, by

Every year Baha’is from all over the world and of all cultural backgrounds celebrate Naw-Ruz on the day of the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere, with Tihran, the birthplace of Baha’u’llah, as its standard.

Naw-Ruz has its origins as a Zoroastrian observance in ancient Iran and, to this day, is celebrated as a cultural festival by Iranians of all religious backgrounds. In addition to being celebrated by Iranians and members of the Iranian diaspora, the observance of Naw-Ruz has also spread to many other parts of the world, and is celebrated as a cultural holiday in India, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Naw-Ruz, which means “New Day”, is celebrated at the vernal equinox, on the first day of spring. It is a time of joy and celebration, with the darkness of winter coming to an end and the reappearance of light, warmth and the beauty of spring’s flowers. It is a day of new beginnings, of change and hope.

However, for Baha’is, Naw-Ruz also has deep spiritual significance. Naw-Ruz marks the end of the 19-day Baha’i Fast, which is a period of reflection and profound spiritual reinvigoration for Baha’is. Naw-Ruz was ordained by Baha’u’llah as a celebration of humanity’s “spiritual springtime”: the Baha’i dispensation.

The Baha’i dispensation began with the Declaration of the Bab, whose entire mission was to prepare the world for a Divine Teacher with a Message He considered greater than His own: Baha’u’llah. The revelation of Baha’u’llah – the latest in humanity’s long history of receiving Divine Teachings through the Messengers of God is often, in Baha’i writings, likened to the beginning of springtime.

Abdu’l-Baha spoke of the effect that Baha’u’llah’s revelation – like the revelations of the previous Manifestations of God in previous Dispensations – had on the world, and likens it to a spiritual springtime:

At the time of the vernal equinox in the material world a wonderful vibrant energy and new life-quickening is observed everywhere in the vegetable kingdom; the animal and human kingdoms are resuscitated and move forward with a new impulse. The whole world is born anew, resurrected. Gentle zephyrs are set in motion, wafting and fragrant; flowers bloom; the trees are in blossom, the air temperate and delightful; how pleasant and beautiful become the mountains, fields and meadows.

Likewise, the spiritual bounty and springtime of God quicken the world of humanity with a new animus and vivification. All the virtues which have been deposited and potential in human hearts are being revealed from that Reality as flowers and blossoms from divine gardens. It is a day of joy, a time of happiness, a period of spiritual growth. I beg of God that this divine spiritual civilization may have the fullest impression and effect upon you. May you become as growing plants. May the trees of your hearts bring forth new leaves and variegated blossoms. May ideal fruits appear from them in order that the world of humanity, which has grown and developed in material civilization, may be quickened in the bringing forth of spiritual ideals.

Surrounded by the changes in the physical world accompanying the vernal equinox and the beginning of spring, Baha’is are provided with a profoundly beautiful opportunity to contemplate on beginnings and renewal, and in particular, what it means to stand at the beginning of a new Dispensation in the history of humanity’s eternal Covenant with God.

The spiritual significance of the vernal equinox, and the promise of a New Day that the Baha’i observance of Naw-Ruz celebrates, is best captured in these words by Abdu’l-Baha:

Do you know in what day you are living? Do you realize in what dispensation you are alive? Have you not read in the holy scriptures that the consummation of the ages there shall appear a day which is the sun of all the past days?

This is the day in which the Lord of Hosts has come down from heaven on the clouds of glory! This is the day in which the inhabitants of all the world shall enter under the tent of the word of God. This is the day whose real sovereign is His Highness, The Almighty. This is the day when the East and the West shall embrace each other like unto two lovers. This is the day in which war and contention shall be forgotten. This is the day in which nations and governments will enter into an eternal bond of amity and conciliation. This century is the fulfillment of the Promised Century.

The East shall become illumined, the West perfumed and the children of men shall enter beneath the all-embracing canopy of the oneness of the world of humanity. […]

The foundation of divine religion is love, affinity and concord. Praise God that this cycle is the period of illumination! Minds have made great progress; intelligences have been unfolded; the means of unity and agreement are brought about; communication between the races of men is rapidly established. Now is the time that all of us may embrace the law of peace and treat each other with honesty and straightforwardness. Let the religious prejudices be wiped away. Let the law of racial supremacy be discontinued. Let political expediences be done away with. Let the love of country be superseded by the love of the world. Let us all deal with each other with infinite kindness. We are all the servants at the one Divine Threshold. We are all receiving the rays of truth from the same Sun of Reality. We must all believe in all of the prophets. We must all acknowledge the divine authority of all the heavenly books. We must wash our hearts free of all human prejudices. We must serve God. We must propagate the oneness of the realm of humanity. We must be the cause of the appearance of the perfections of the world of man. We must not be like the beasts of prey. We must not allow carnage and bloodshed. We must regard the blood of man as sacred. We must not shed the holy blood of man for the paltry earth. We must all agree upon one fundamental principle – that principle is the oneness of the kingdom of humanity.

In this age, Baha’u’llah has breathed the Holy Spirit into the dead body of the world. Consequently every weak soul is strengthened by these fresh divine outbreathings. Every poor man will become rich, every darkened soul will become illumined, every ignorant one will become wise, because the confirmations of the Holy Spirit are descending like unto torrents. A new era of divine consciousness is upon us. The world of humanity is going through a process of transformation. A new race is being developed. The thoughts of human brotherhood are permeating all regions. New ideals are stirring the depths of hearts and a new spirit of universal consciousness is being profoundly felt by all men.

A very blessed Naw-Ruz to all our dear readers!

Posted by


In her professional life, Preethi has dabbled in various combinations of education, community development and law. At heart, though, she's an overgrown child who thinks the world is one giant playground. She's currently on a quest to make learning come alive for young people and to bring the world's stories and cultures to them, with educational resources from One Story Learning.

Discussion 18 Comments

This was an amazing post preethi!!! Thank you so much for the beautiful quotation at the end, I loved it, so fully of power and love! xxx

Farida Ciotti

Farida Ciotti (March 3, 2012 at 11:46 PM)

Thanks Fari, I love that quote too! It just made me so incredibly happy to be alive to witness this age 🙂


Preethi (March 3, 2012 at 12:57 AM)

I don’t fully understand the use of FB, so I don’t know if it conveys my words, only to you, the contributor of the comment next to which I clicked on “Reply,” however my words relate to all who commented on these Writings. The Writings of ‘Abdu’l Baha always touch my heart and typically make me happy and optimistic; and this particular quote invigorates my longing and intent to share these Teachings with all. I want all of you to know my love and gratitude. Johnson

Johnson Maxey

Johnson Maxey (March 3, 2020 at 4:05 PM)

Your article telling of “Spiritual Springtime: Naw Ruz” has true purpose and depth. Through your description we are raised and become hopeful…so hopeful. We print it and send it in beautiful Naw Ruz cards to friends and family members. My appreciation to you, Preethi.


Loie (March 3, 2012 at 7:31 PM)

Hi Loie, thank you for your kind words – I’m so glad you found the article useful! Happy Naw Ruz to you!


Preethi (March 3, 2012 at 9:38 PM)

Could you inform us where we can find in the Writings the quotes you uses of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá regarding Naw-Rúz?

Harry Koree

Harry Koree (March 3, 2012 at 6:50 AM)

Hi Preethi, I am hoping to get in touch with you to ask about using some of your writing in a local newspaper article. I look forward to hearing from you.
Cheerfully, Alison


Alison (March 3, 2013 at 9:41 AM)

I assume the latter quote came from this book: http://www.archive.org/stream/newdaybahairevel00remerich/newdaybahairevel00remerich_djvu.txt, THE NEW DAY By CHARGES MASON REMEY.

But I can’t find the text in any of the books available at http://reference.bahai.org/en/. Not a single one. Do you know where this originally appeared?


Kerry (March 3, 2013 at 8:20 PM)

Hi Kerry, hopefully Preethi who wrote the article can jump in but you’re correct in that the quote was taken from The Star of The West. As far as I can tell, it was from a talk given by Abdu’l-Baha in Paris: http://mdhistory.net/msa_sc3541/msa_scm1660/pdf/msa_sc3541_scm1660-0613.pdf


Naysan (March 3, 2013 at 10:41 PM)

It appears the text is from this edition of star of the west, pages 6–8: http://en.bahaitext.org/Star_of_the_West/Volume_6/Issue_15. You have to look at the scans, because the typed text is worthless, and probably from an optical character reader source.


Kerry (March 3, 2013 at 8:43 PM)

[…] March 21st, Baha’is all around the world celebrated Naw Ruz (the New Year). Now I don’t believe in new year’s resolutions, for the same reason as […]

A New Day | mirror mirror

A New Day | mirror mirror (March 3, 2013 at 12:50 AM)

NawRuz is not the first day of spring for people in the southern hemisphere. I have just read on bahaiteachings.org however that it is the day when the sun is distributed evenly throughout the world, day and night. Spiritual springtime is a little easier for us southern hemisphere folk to understand – because we are going into winter here:)

Jedda Bradley

Jedda Bradley (March 3, 2014 at 10:35 AM)

Happy third week of Autumn from Australia!


Robert (March 3, 2014 at 3:43 AM)

Thank you very so much dear Naysan – Team

Margrit Rita Hurni

Margrit Rita Hurni (March 3, 2020 at 3:12 PM)

I came across this article whilst looking for an appropriate image or quotation to post in our Interfaith Friends Group. It’s a perfect explanation – succinct and easy to understand. I hope you’ve gone on to write other things in the 9 years since you penned this Prithi?


Carolyn (March 3, 2021 at 12:36 PM)

Thank you for your kind and encouraging words, Carolyn! You can find all of Preethi’s articles here: https://www.bahaiblog.net/author/preethi/

Sonjel Vreeland

Sonjel Vreeland (March 3, 2021 at 2:56 PM)

What is the source of the quotation of Abdu’l-Bahá?

Joseph Paczkowski

Joseph Paczkowski (March 3, 2021 at 8:55 PM)

Hi Jo! The second quotation of Abdu’l-Baha is from Star of the West, Volume 6, Issue no 15.

Sonjel Vreeland

Sonjel Vreeland (March 3, 2021 at 10:39 PM)

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