June 18, 2023 will mark 40 years since 10 Baha’i women were hanged in Shiraz. Their only ‘crime’ was their refusal to renounce their beliefs in a faith that promotes the principles of gender equality, unity, justice, and truthfulness. This collection highlights Baha’i Blog content relating to the ongoing persecution of Baha’is in Iran.
Celebrations are taking place this year in countries far away from each other but with a special bond that unites them.
Sixty years ago, individual Baha’i volunteers left their jobs and homes and emigrated to distant lands.
They were responding to a call by the head of the Baha’i Faith at the time, Shoghi Effendi, to take the faith into every corner of the globe.
This phenomenon led to the doubling of the number of countries with a Baha’i presence within a decade. It was an astounding event in world religious history.
It had all started the year previously but by 1954 there were still many countries without a Baha’i available to offer local people the world-embracing teachings of their faith.
And so ordinary folk bravely set off, often with little information about their destination and not knowing if they could land a job.
Sixty years on there are now flourishing Baha’i communities worldwide, many of which began with the seeds planted by these folk, most of whom were to be honoured with the title “Knight of Baha’u’llah”.
One of the anniversary celebrations that has already taken place this year was in Samoa where the Prime Minister, the Honourable Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi attended and expressed thanks to the Baha’i community for its long service to the development of Samoan society. The Faith had been taken there by a 24-year-old, single Australian woman, Lilian Wyss, later Lilian Wyss-Ala’i.
Here are some brief anecdotes about the first Baha’is who arrived in some of the communities now celebrating their 60th birthdays:
A young journalist from the United States, Elise Schreiber (later Lynelle), arrived in May 1954, fortuitously on a festival day, which prompted the military authorities to permit her to stay on. Due to restrictions on relations between the races, she could not meet with black Africans but in June she joined a group of surveyors and went to the island of Corisco where she met King Santiago Uganda Mdelo, who had a premonition about somebody arriving with a religious message. He and his nephew, Edward Robinson, became Baha’is.
Cynthia and Edgar Olson were middle-aged when they courageously decided to sell up in Delaware, USA, and move to Guam. They later became well-known there for their work in the media and for owning a popular Swedish pancake house, which attracted locals from all parts of the country. They also provided food for the soul, and the community grew. A former media colleague of Cynthia’s, Madeleine Bordallo, became a US congresswoman for Guam and a decade ago recalled her friend’s loving support and encouragement for her, and said she was “kind with her words, abundant with faith and hope, and generous with her love.”
Roy Fernie was easily able to entertain locals in Kiribati after he and his wife Elena became the first Baha’is there after leaving their home in Panama in 1954. Mr. Fernie was an amateur magician so the people loved seeing his tricks, and they also enjoyed listening to the piano and the radio the couple had brought with them. One of those who came for entertainment was Peter Kanere Koru, who translated what the Fernies said, and then became the first of what is now a thriving community of many Baha’is.
Papua New Guinea
The first Local Spiritual Assembly in Papua New Guinea was elected in Madina Village, New Ireland Province on 21st April 1958.An Australian Baha’i, Violet Hoehnke, was the first Baha’i to arrive in Papua New Guinea, followed closely by New Zealander, Rodney Hancock. Mr. Hancock, still a regular visitor to PNG from his home in Brisbane, Australia speaks about the difficulties of talking about the Faith to locals because the Australian administration disapproved of any friendly association between them and expatriates. However, a year after they arrived he and Ms. Hoehnke introduced the Faith to Apeilis Mazakmat, a teacher in the province of New Ireland, who, after saying the teachings were the answer to all his dreams, became a Baha’i.
As US Baha’is Gertrude and Alvin Blum, with their daughter Keithie, were embarking on a ship to take them from New Zealand to the Solomon Islands, Mr. Blum was called back down the gangplank to receive a telegram, which read: “Loving prayers surrounding you. Shoghi.” The encouragement would sustain them forever. Honiara was hardly a town at that time, but the couple started up a businesses, and established a Baha’i community. Their inspiring story is told in the book Of Wars and Worship by Keithie Saunders.
It took an admirable measure of detachment for John and Valera Allen to leave their affluent San Francisco life , where John ran a big, successful car business, to move to Swaziland. However, with his business acumen and generosity, they were able to build and largely finance schools and Baha’i centres in the country. Among the first local people to become Baha’is were Isaiah Phala, a teacher, and his wife, Jemima. Others to follow were Ben Dlamini, Chris Kuhlase, Andrew Mofokeng, Maxwell Ndlovu, and some of the children of the late King Sobhuza II. One of those was Princess Gcinaphi, an ardent promoter of Baha’i principles, who went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1984.
There was a fledgling Baha’i community of only 10 souls when Persian couple Suleiman and Ridvaniyyih Suleimani answered the call for volunteers to move to the island to support the fledgling Baha’i community there. After many year of service, they passed away in the 1980s and bequeathed their home to the Faith. Their Western-style villa with an oriental flavour and a beautiful garden now serves as a Baha’i centre.
After Australian Baha’i Stanley Bolton and US Baha’is Dudley Moore Blakely and his wife Elsa (Judy) Blakely introduced the Baha’i teachings to the Kingdom of Tonga 60 years ago, the society was not initially receptive to it but since then many strong and courageous people have become Baha’is, and the faith has a good reputation. Among the early Baha’is were Latu and Mele Tu’akihekolo, Peni and Lupe Tutu’ila Tevita Tu’ipulotu and Seini Toutaiolepo, Lisiate Maka, Tevita Halaholo and Hesekaia Vaohingano. Mosese Hokafonu travelled extensively for the Faith throughout the kingdom and the Pacific, and Suliana Halaholo Korean, a notable translator of the Baha’i writings, lived as a Baha’i pioneer with her husband Masao in the Marshall Islands.
Michael Day is the author of a new book, “Point of Adoration. The story of the Shrine of Baha’u’llah 1873-1892.” He is also the author of "Journey to a Mountain", "Coronation on Carmel" and "Sacred Stairway", a trilogy that tells the story of the Shrine of the Bab. His photo book "Fragrance of Glory" is an account of the Ascension of Abdu’l-Baha. A former member of the New Zealand Baha’i community, Michael now lives in Australia. He was editor of the Baha’i World News Service in Haifa 2003-2006.
Beautiful article! Thanks so much.
Jeanine H. (June 6, 2014 at 7:17 PM)
This is a really great article! Thank you Michael. Lovely to have a snapshot of how the Faith began in different countries.
Anisa Naraqi (June 6, 2014 at 2:41 AM)